Sixty-three percent (63%) of voters believe there are only two genders, male and female. A ScottRasmussen.com national survey found that 37% disagree and think gender is a fluid concept with a wide range of options.
The survey also found that 56% believe gender is defined by birth, 33% believe it is defined by self-identity, and 11% are not sure.
On both questions, there is a wide ideological and partisan divide. Seventy-two percent (72%) of liberal voters believe gender is a fluid concept. But 85% of conservatives and 63% of moderates believe there are only two genders (see crosstab results).
On a partisan basis, most Democrats (55%) believe gender is a fluid concept. However, 79% of Republicans and 69% of Independents disagree and believe there are only two genders.
Is someone is born a female but chooses to identify as male, 39% believe that person should be referred to as he while 30% say she. Seven percent (7%) say they should be referred to with some other term and 23% are not sure.
The numbers are somewhat similar for someone born as a male but choosing to identify as female. In that case, 43% believe the person should be referred to as she while 23% say he. Ten percent (10%) believe they should be identified in some other way while 25% are not sure.
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The national survey of 1,000 Registered Voters was conducted April 6-7, 2019 by ScottRasmussen.com and HarrisX, a polling company specializing in online surveys (see Methodology). It has a 3.1 percentage point Margin of Error with a 95% level of confidence.
Neither Scott Rasmussen nor ScottRasmussen.com has any relationship with Rasmussen Reports® (see About Us).